Birth defects are the abnormalities that affect the baby in the womb during pregnancy which harm and delay its growth and development, sometimes there are symptoms and signs of birth defects during pregnancy that appear on the pregnant woman and sometimes not.
Symptoms and signs of birth defects during pregnancy are many and ranging from persistent nausea and vomiting to severe bleeding and miscarriage at times.
Read on to know more about the symptoms and the signs of birth defects during pregnancy and how to diagnose, treat, and prevent it.
Signs of birth defects during pregnancy
1. Persistent Nausea and Vomiting
Nausea and vomiting are very common symptoms in pregnancy especially in the early stage of it.
But if it becomes severe, you should take care as it may be a serious condition causing this symptom such as Hyper-Emesis Gravidarum (HEG).
This symptoms could be a cause of birth defects of the baby due the dehydration which result from it.
Although, it may be a symptom of another birth defect or abnormal pregnancy such as vesicular mole pregnancy.
Related Article: What causes birth defects in the first trimester?
2. Decreased baby movement
The baby kicks is the sure sign that he’s alive and its number usually is around 10 kicks per day and the number is gradually increasing as the birth date approaches, near this date the number of kicks may reach 10 kicks in just 2 hours.
“There is no optimal or critical number of movements, but generally you should establish a baseline and have a subjective perception of whether your baby is moving more or less. As a general rule, you should have 10 or more kicks in two hours. Anything less should prompt a phone call to your doctor.”Nicole Ruddock, MD, Assistant Professor of maternal and fetal medicine at University of Texas Medical School at Houston.
3. Lymph nodes enlargement
If you have generalized lymph node enlargement, this is a serious sign that you may have acute infection with Toxoplasmosis, especially if you have animals in your apartment as it’s the most common source of this infection.
Toxoplasmosis may cause many birth defects in the baby such as cleft lip and palate, cataract (whiteness of the lens of the eye).
So you should call your doctor immediately and ask him for the diagnostic and treating way of this infection.
In the first trimester, if the bleeding was associated with severe abdominal pain, Dizziness, hypo-tension, and fainting attacks, it would be an ectopic pregnancy (the baby was attached and is growing out side the uterus) which is usually a Tubal pregnancy (baby is attached to the Fallopian tube’s linning)
Bleeding in the second trimester, if it was heavy bleeding, it would be a sign of misscarrige.
In the third trimester, if bleeding came with severe abdominal pain, it would be placental abruption (Separation of the placenta from the lining of the uterus) which may be partial or complete separation.
Generally, if you had any bleeding at any time during pregnancy, you should call your doctor immediately.
“Bleeding is always serious,”Donnica Moore, MD, women’s health expert.
Because most of the causes and results of bleeding during pregnancy may lead to a serious birth defect unless miscarriage.
Test during pregnancy for birth defects
Some of tests and examinations will show up the birth defects and some of it will detect most common causes of birth defects.
- Ultrasound in the prenatal clinic.
- Prenatal tests
- Complete Blood Count CBC.
- Rh Grouping.
- Random Blood Sugar.
- Urine analysis.
- Toxoplasmosis IgM & IgG.
- Tests for STDs.
- Cervicals smear for cervical cancer diagnosis.
If you detected any abnormal results of these tests, you should call your doctor and consult him.
How to avoid birth defects during pregnancy
Here for you 10 Tips to avoid birth defects during pregnancy.
the commonest signs of birth defects may be severe nausea and vomiting, lymph-adenopathy, decreased baby movements, and bleeding.
The tests to diagnose and detect the birth defects are many and you should be careful if you had any abnormal results of these tests.